With a population of almost 130 million, a strategic location, and a vast cultural diversity and natural resources, Mexico is positioned among the world's 15 most important economies.
It has an area of approximately 2 million square kilometers, ranking 14th in the world. Mexico is a federal republic divided into 32 states and 2,456 municipalities.
It has a privileged geographical location. Neighboring to the north with the United States -the world's largest market -, the border with this country is more than 3,100 kilometers long and has 56 border crossings. To the south, it borders with Guatemala and Belize, which represent the gateway to Central America, South America, and the Caribbean.
Its extensive coastline on the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans (11,122 kilometers) serves as a natural bridge connecting the Asia-Pacific region.
Mexico is open to trade and is one of the countries with the largest number of international trade agreements. Currently, it has 13 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) with 50 countries, 32 Reciprocal Investment Promotion and Protection Agreements (RIPPAs) with 33 countries, and nine Partial Scope Agreements (PSAs) within the framework of the Latin American Integration Association (ALADI).
The Agreement between the United States of America, the United Mexican States, and Canada, commonly known as the United States–Mexico–Canada Agreement (USMCA). Came into effect on July 1st, 2020 and replaced the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), in place since 1994.
The USMCA is a central element of Mexico's trade policy. It establishes an institutional framework that provides legal certainty to investors, entrepreneurs, and consumers in North America, as it modernizes and expands the rules of trade in goods and services in the region.
One of the main accomplishments of the treaty is to maintain free trade for all originating goods. New disciplines are also introduced for the marketing of remanufactured goods in the region; the certification scheme and the verification procedure are modernized to make it more expeditious.
Luis Manuel Hernández, National President of the Maquiladora
and Export Manufacturing Industry (index)
Mexico's geographical position gives it access to the main international markets; furthermore, it allows companies to reduce time and costs in logistics.
The port system in Mexico comprises 102 ports and 15 terminals, 58 on the Pacific coast, and 59 on the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean coast. Of this total, 69 carry out high altitude and cabotage traffic and 48 only cabotage traffic.
Ports are connected to the logistic infrastructure on which the logistics and supply chains are deployed in the area.
The Mexican Airport System is safe and competitive; it consists of 77 airports, 64 of which are international and 13 national.
Due to its activity, Mexico City's Benito Juárez International Airport is among the first 15 air terminals globally and is number one in Latin America.
Along the U.S.-Mexico border, there are 60 border ports - 4 closed -, 23 are crossings (land border), and 37 are bridges (river border). Daily, about 452,000 vehicles cross the border, and 30,000 of them are cargo trucks.
Source: SRE, Year: 2018
The railway infrastructure in Mexico comprises 17,360 kilometers of primary and secondary tracks under concession, 4,474 kilometers of auxiliary tracks (yards and slopes), and 1,555 kilometers of private tracks, which together add up to a total of 23,389 kilometers of operated lines.
The concessionaires and assignees that provide the cargo transportation service are: Kansas City Southern de Mexico (KCSM), Ferrocarril Mexicano (Ferromex), Ferrosur (Ferrosur), Ferrocarril y Terminal del Valle de Mexico (Ferrovalle), Línea Coahuila Durango (LCD), Ferrocarril del Istmo de Tehuantepec (FIT) and Administradora de la Vía Corta Tijuana-Tecate (Admicarga).
SAN LUIS POTOSI